EUROPAN #12 (2013): Adaptable city.

Kalmar (SE): Between land and sea.


Adaptation in two aspects:

Adaptation seen as:
Existing conditions accommodation;
Variable, partly predictable scenarios assimilation know-how.

In the spatial aspect, adaptation is considered as:
natural conditions compatibility including probable change scenarios (water level rise): natural hills, existing valleys, prime waterfront;
built environment, including social structure evolution, a new form of habitat, new role of communities, new age-based relations structure, new form of communication: development structure, communication and transport network, service infrastructure

Every issue is specified in two areas, according to their scope of operations:
Regional / Strategic Site;
Local / Project Site.

Voronoi diagram, known also as Voronoi decomposition was used as a mathematical method of spatial subdivision.


Spatial aspect.

Natural environment:
native terrain preservation,
water and landscape evolution process adaptation,
rural nature maintenance,
native landscape emphasis.

Built environment:
a new transportation connection (E22) determines zone planning proposals: new housing area based upon local transportation network made of pedestrian and automotive routes combined in one integral system supported by horse and bicycle recreation paths;
water transportation spots development;
waterfront parallel land transportation system development;
business area development;
agricultural hubs development;
existing housing areas expansion (mature habitats supplement, new housing types);
above local service network development (business parks, agricultural zones, transportation knots);
local service infrastructure proposition (kindergarten, primary school, water port, community center).

Social aspects.
New age-based profile housing products (18-30, 45-60, 65+)
addition of 1500 dwellings;
pro-community housing;
pro-mobility / pro-variability housing;
New communities and family nest type habitation taking into account the locality rehabilitation.


Spatial aspects.

Natural environment:
densification of the existing housing structure with minimal footprint;
hills and forests as common ground;
public use waterfront preservation;
self-adaptation to the water level rise scenario;
archipelago structure preservation;
native terrain usage;

Built environment:
densification of the existing local transportation network;
pedestrian and automotive routes integration;
former elementary route exclusion;
mellow transportation network development;
maximum 200 inhabitants urban cells;
native terrain based housing typology;
semi-public area development;
urban interior based on the terrain and eco contour;
nature forest cells as the common good;
new local public service cell;
common space;
public square;
water harbor.

Social aspects.
380 dwellings taking into account wider housing market offer;
new community proposal;
large scale open fields.